The Roman baths are public places destined to baths typical of the Roman civilization. In the old Roman villas the baths were called Balmes or balneum and if they were public thermae or therma.
They were public restrooms with rooms reserved for gymnastic and play activities. They were also considered meeting places and people came to them who could not afford to have one in their house, such as plebeians or slaves. Sometimes emperors or patricians would grant free toilets for the rest of the population.
Baths, both public and private, have been present in many of the civilizations throughout history. There are numerous practices, religious and social, that since the antiquity have been taking as a main act the bath, associated with the cleanliness, both body and soul or spirit, to purification.
Today there are religions that maintain the practices of purification by bathing or cleaning a part of the body. The Muslim religion has a series of rites known as ablutions, which require of the faithful a specific cleaning protocol in certain special circumstances. In the same way, Hindu believers have similar practices.
The social, and even medicinal, function of baths and baths has been maintained throughout history to this day. In Roman civilization the institution of baths, baths, was fundamental in the services that citizens should have. Roman public baths responded to a social and political function. They were ideal places for relaxed conversation, recreation and social intercourse, with all that this meant. The atmosphere was cared for with a delicate decoration where no means was spared, filling the rooms with wonderful frescoes, mosaics and statues.